Thursday, December 22, 2022

Luehdorfia japonica of Japan

Japanese Luehdorfia (Luehdorfia japonica) is a species of butterfly in the Parnassinae family of Papilionidae. It is only found in Japan.[3] Yasushi Nawa discovered it in Gifu prefecture in Japan in 1883.[4] Also known as Gifu Butterfly (岐阜蝶 or ギフチョウ, Gifu Cho)  카지노사이트


Luehdorfia japonica is univoltine and matures in early spring. The host plant is the wild ginger species of the genus Asarum. The female moth lays eggs in clusters on the new growth of the host plant, and the hatched larvae feed on the leaves in clusters during the early stages. [5] 


Japanese entomologists have extensively studied the phylogeography, population dynamics and other aspects of the biology of Luehdorfia japonica, including sphragis activity. This is a post-copulatory plug, which is inserted into a woman's abdomen after intercourse to prevent her from re-coupling. It is found in other Parnassinae and some Acraeini. 카지노

A specimen of japonica japonica is kept at the Natural History Museum in London. The species japonica omikron Bryk, 1932 is owned by the Museum für Naturkunde in Berlin. Images of these species can be found on the Butterfly Information System

Thursday, December 8, 2022

Appias libythea of Indonesia

 Striped Albatross (Appias libythea) is from Indonesia 

Appias libythea, the striped albatross, is a small butterfly in the Pieridae family, i.e. yellow and white, found in South and Southeast Asia.


Temporal Liquid: Man. White gray on top. Forewings with black tip and basal tip dull gray-black; a narrow baud on the lateral side with black scales descending from subcostal to submedian. The hindwings have small lateral veins with inconspicuous black scales, which are absent in some species and may appear in summer. White underneath. Front face with small black tip on outer edge; some gray scales on lower part of costa. No back wings. 

Woman. White gray on top. At the top of the gray-black costa, a large long line starts from the base of the costa and fills the cell - except for a small line above the midrib, this line of black cells is more extended and is not less than the venule side of the upper and joined a. wide upper side tapering band extending sinuously from the front to the edge to the rear side, closing with a white subapical oblique square, the outer band showing depression traces paler between the streaks; A faint black streak extends from the bottom of the cell to the disk in the form of a super-moisture phase. 

A grayish-black macular band consisting of large confluent spots, or, more or less distinct spots falling on the power side, and associated with similar scales on the side inferior subcostal veins and paler curved disc fascia, the latter. is becoming obsolete. White underneath. Both wings have similar gray powder markings. First, the outer band is crossed by white streaks, or this band is white and the inside of it is defined only by dark gray.

Hind wing with a dull or irregular outer macular band; costa main yellow. Some observations of this sex - which confirmed the type of Lihythea of ​​Fabrician - appeared probably in summer, different in height, in the face, with a black band connecting it from the middle to the outside , and also. lower basal fascia, being either inactive or non-existent, and behind the lateral parts are small or well separated, disc aponeurosis with connecting veins it no longer exists more or less completely. 

Below, the symbols are often defined; In front of the outside the weather is clearly reflected by the inner edge of the gray, the apical area is white or slightly purple, and behind the ground color white or slightly yellow, the disc. The fascia is clearly displayed, and the side panels are not present. Short Term: Male. Upper part. Use the band on the outer side to spread the gray scales wider. 

No back wings. Underside and apical area of ​​the forewing and the whole hindwing tinged with very pale yellow. Woman. Face up. With the cell fiber and the narrow side fiber being smaller than in the central model, the connection fiber is completely absent. No back wings. Below. It is shown in front of the cell line and the side line clearly, the apical area has a yellow color. The wings of the fish are yellow; The disc is clearly displayed.

Wednesday, December 7, 2022

Polyura narcaeus of China

Polyura narcaeus, the China nawab, is a butterfly in the family Nymphalidae. It was described by William Chapman Hewitson in 1854. It is found in the Palearctic and Indomalayan realms.

Species name(s)

Polyura narcaeus (Hewitson, 1854) = Nymphalis narcaeus Hewitson, 1854 = Charaxes mandarinus C. & R. Felder, [1867] = Polyura narcaea = Charaxes satyrina Oberthür, 1891.


class Insecta → subclass Pterygota → infraclass Neoptera → superorder Holometabola → order Lepidoptera → superfamily Papilionoidea → family Nymphalidae → subfamily Charaxinae → tribe Charaxini → genus Polyura → species Polyura narcaeus

Also called the Eastern Kingdom by artists, Indomalaya spans the entire Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia to the plains of southern China, and across Indonesia to Sumatra, Java, Bali and Borneo, located east of the Wallace Line, is the country's border. the kingdom named after Alfred Russel Wallace that divided Indomalaya and Australasia. Indomalaya also includes the Philippines, the Taiwan Lowlands, and the Ryukyu Islands of Japan. Much of Indomalaya is primary forest consisting of tropical and subtropical forests, with tropical and subtropical forests common to most of India and part of India. "South East Asia. The rainforests of Indomalaya are highly variable and diverse, with economically important plants, especially in the Dipterocarpaceae and Fabaceae families. 

Indian subcontinent 

The geographical area of ​​India covers most of India, Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan, Sri Lanka and eastern Pakistan. The Hindu Kush, Karakoram, Himalayan, and Patkai bioregions comprise the northwest, north, and northeast; These systems were formed by the collision of the mountain-drift region of India and Asia 45 years ago. The Hindu Kush, the Karakoram and the Himalayas form the biogeographic boundary between the extreme temperatures and the flora and fauna of the Indian subcontinent and the subtropical Palaearctic region. Indochina 
The Indochina bioregion includes most of Southeast Asia, including Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, and Cambodia, as well as the rainforests of southern China.

Sunda Shelf in the Philippines 

Malaysia is a botanical region that straddles the border between Indomalaya and Australasia. It includes the Malay Peninsula and the Western Indonesian Islands (known as Sundaland), the Philippines, the Eastern Indonesian Islands, and New Guinea. Although Malaysia has many similarities botanically, the eastern and western parts of the Wallace Line are very different in terms of fauna; Sundaland shares its fauna with the Asian mainland, while the terrestrial fauna of the islands east of the Wallace Line derives at least in part from species from Australia, such as mammals and ratites. News 
The flora of Indomalaya combines elements from the ancient supercontinents of Laurasia and Gondwana. The white Gondwanan was originally introduced by India, which escaped from Gondwana around 90 MYA, carrying the plants and animals of Gondwana found in the north, including cichlid fish and the family Crypteroniaceae plants and possibly Dipterocarpaceae. India merged with Asia 30-45 MYA and changed species. Later, as Australia-New Guinea moved from the north, the collision of the Australian and Asian plates caused the rise of the Wallacea islands, separating them from each other by a narrow ridge, allowing the evolution of plants in central Indomalaya and Australasia. Asian rain forest trees, including dipterocarps, crossed Wallacea into New Guinea, and many Gondwanan tree families, including podocarps and araucarias, moved west from Australia-New Guinea to western Malaysia and the Southeast Asia.

A tree 

The family Dipterocarpoideae includes plant species characteristic of the tropical and semi-arid forests of Indomalaya, as well as a variety of species in the rainforests of Borneo. Teak (Tectona) is a characteristic feature of the dry forests of Indomalaya, from India to Indochina, Malaysia and the Philippines. Pitcher plants (Nepenthes) are also characteristic of Indomalaya, and various species are found in Sumatra, Borneo and the Philippines. The rainforests of Indomalaya and Australasia inherit many genera of plants, which for millions of years managed to spread through the islands between Sundaland and New Guinea. The two plants originated far apart, and the fossil record shows that the Asian species spread to Australasia from 33 million years ago after Australasia moved north, and the expansion increased there 12 years ago after the two continents the body came close to their current position. The change is asymmetrical, more Indomalayan species spread in Australasia than Australasian species in Indomalaya. 

Tuesday, November 22, 2022

Bibasis mahintha of South India

Skipper butterflies of the genus Bibasis are known as awlets. The Indomalayan region is the only home of the genus. Only three diurnal species remain in Bibasis (B. aquilina, B. iluska, and B. sena), according to Vane-Wright & de Jong (2003); the rest have been relocated to Burara.


Bibasis amara is a little green awlet.

Plain orange awlet known as bibasis anadi

Bibasis aquilina, from South China to Japan's Amur (Speyer, 1879).

Nicer Bibasis arradi

Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, the Malay Peninsula, Singapore, Borneo, Sumatra, Java, Palawan, and Mindanao are among the countries that have bibasis etelka (Hewitson, [1867]).

Pale green awlet, Bibasis gomata

Monday, November 21, 2022

Papilionidae of the Philippines

Species:  Papilio lorquinianus

Family:  Papilionidae       

Location:  Philippines   

Approximate Wingspan:  3 1/2"      

Frame Size:  5" x 6"      

Quality:  A1  (there's a light reflection on the left hindwing that is not a defect)  

U.S. sales only.  I do NOT ship any specimens outside the United States.  Please do not ask! 

This insect is mounted in a Riker frame, which is black fiberboard with a glass front, and a cotton-like material holding the specimen in place. It can easily be opened to remove the specimen for alternate mounting. 

It might surprise you to learn that butterfly collecting actually helps the Earth's ecology since it allows local people to raise butterflies to support their families, giving them an incentive to maintain the rainforests and jungles! Butterflies live only a short time, and mate immediately after emerging from their chrysalis. The female lays eggs as quickly as possible on the plant preferred by the species--if those plants are kept available!

My insects are imported under permit issued by U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Please be aware that this permit is required to bring insects into the United States, including butterflies and moths. Not all foreign sellers will tell you this. 

Quality Classifications:

A1: Absolutely perfect--NO marks at all!  (I almost never give this grade)

A1/A-: Minor damage--antennae broken or missing; minor rubs, etc.

A-: Major damage--wing tears, chips, major rubs, etc.

B: Representative of species, but very damaged.